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九年级英语(八B)必考点

  Unit8 It must belong to Carla.
英语学习


  15.hear &listen
  hear 听,强调听的结果
  listen 听,强调听的动作


  Did you hear? 你听到了吗?(指听的结果)
  I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。(指听的动作)
  16. try one's best to do sth. 尽某人的最大努力去做某事(注意best后面跟的不定式to do)
  He tried his best to run. 他尽他的最大努力去跑。


  17.because & because of


  because of:由于
  because:因为,它们的用法是:
  because of + 名词/代词/名词性短语(这是一个重要的短语)
  because + 从句
  I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。
  I had to move because of my job. 因为工作的原因我得搬家。
  18. whose:谁的,是个疑问词,作定语,后面接名词
  如:---Whose book is this? ---This is Lily's.


  19.play(常考点)


  当play 指弹奏西洋乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词the
  play the guitar;play the piano;play the violin
  当play 指进行球类运动时,则不用定冠词
  play football;play basketball;play baseball
  20.if引导的条件状语从句


  if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时代替将来时。(主将从现)
  If you don't hurry up, you'll be late. 如果你不快点,你将会迟到。   if you have any>  21.“疑问词 + do you think + 其他”构成的特殊疑问句。
  Why do you think the man is running?
  本句是由“疑问词 + do you think + 其他”构成的特殊疑问句。在这种结构中,如果特殊疑问词在句中作主语,特殊疑问句语序不需要变化;如果特殊疑问词在句中不作主语,特殊疑问句用陈述语序。例如:
  Where do you think we should go for a holiday?
  你认为我们应该去哪里度假?


  22. see sb. doing sth. &see sb. do sth.
  One woman in the area saw something running away…
  see sb. doing sth. 意为“看见某人正在做某事”,强调动作正在进行。例如:  
  When I entered the room, I saw herwatching TV.
  当我进门的时候,我看见他正在看电视。


  【拓展】
  see sb. do sth.意为“看到某人做某事”,强调看到某人做过某事或经常做某事。例如:   I often see him dance in the>  我经常看见他在教室里跳舞。
  23. prevent是动词,意为“阻止;阻挠”。
  They think the stones can prevent illness and keeppeople healthy.


  prevent是动词,意为“阻止;阻挠”。prevent…from doing sth. 是固定搭配,意为“防止……做某事;阻止……做某事”。例如:
  What can we do to prevent the disease spreading?
  我们能做什么来防止这种疾病蔓延呢?
  The heavy rain prevented us from going home.
  大雨使我们不能回家了。
  24. 表语从句

  Another popular>  that Stonehenge might...在此作is的表语,是表语从句。引导表语从句的词除了that外,还有what;whether; as if; which; who; whose; when; where; why; how等。表语从句与宾语从句一样,要求用陈述语序。例如:
  That is where I was born. 那就是我出生的地方。
  The problem is whether he will come. 问题是他是否回来。
  This is what we need. 这就是我们所需要的。
  25. 定语从句(上次已经单独整理讲解了,同学们可以自己查看!)
  同学们做题抓住一点:定语从句一定有先行词,首先要找到先行词。


  For many years, historians believed Stonehenge was atemple where ancient leaders tried to communicate with the gods.


  本句中含有一个定语从句,where是关系副词,在定语从句中作地点状语。引导定语从句的关系词有:that; who; when; why; where等。
  (1) 连接词that,既可指人,也可指物。例如:
  The man that you met is my teacher.
  你遇到的那个人是我的老师。
  She is the singer that I saw last week.
  她就是我上周遇到的那个歌唱家。
  (2) 关系代词who(指人),whom(who的宾格形式),whose,which(指物)。例如:

  The room whose window is broken is our>  那个窗户坏了的房间是我们的教室。
  He is the man who knows the answer.
  他是那个知道答案的人。
  (3) 关系副词when(指时间),why(表原因),where(表地点)。例如:
  That is the place where I was born.
  那就是我出生的地方。
  Can you tell me the time when you were born?
  你能告诉我你出生的时间吗?
  同学们,这些知识点,你们是否已近了然于心呢?特别是中考常考的定语从句和标语从句,同学们一点要掌握!

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